Dogs and cats require annual vaccination, although not necessarily against all of the infectious diseases already listed – your Village Vet will always advise you on the components required each year and help your pet avoid unnecessary vaccinations and to help you save on cost. More importantly, all pets should have a health examination by your Village Vet at least once per year.
A male cat can be castrated from five months of age. Neutering will reduce the likelihood that he will spray indoors to mark his territory. He will also spend less time roaming in search of mates and thus has less of a chance of being run over by a car or getting into fights. Cats which are bitten and scratched in fights are more likely to be at risk from infectious diseases.
A female kitten needs to be neutered (spayed) to prevent unwanted kittens. This can be undertaken from 3 months of age. She does not need to have a litter before she is spayed. Spaying has no harmful effects and removes the stress on both you and your cat brought on by calling (the loud mewing which female cats make to attract a mate), pregnancy, birth and the care and rehoming of kittens. With the shelters and rehoming centres full of unwanted kittens looking for homes, neutering is a very responsible thing to do.
Fleas are very undesirable parasites which feed off our domestic pets – their natural hosts. When environmental conditions are optimal, the flea population will grow at a very rapid pace, and once you have a flea infestation, it is very difficult to get rid of the problem. Fleas can cause enormous problems to pets by spreading worms and other diseases, causing itchiness, irritation and in some cases resulting in severe allergic reactions. It’s also very embarrassing when they start biting your human guests at dinner parties! Flea eggs hatch when the correct surrounding temperature and humidity are reached. This starts at the beginning of spring and results in a massive flea population by the end of summer and early autumn. Flea eggs laid in the autumn will hatch the following spring – or if indoors, whenever you turn on your central heating.
At Village Vet we determine the best flea programme tailored specifically to your pet and its lifestyle. We take into consideration many factors, such as how many dogs and cats there are in your home, whether they go out and if so, where and whether you intend travelling to Southern Europe or any areas of the UK affected by tick infestation. We have a number of very good products to suit different pets and owners. In general we recommend a spot-on product, which is applied to the back of the neck on a monthly basis. Unlike similar drugs, this product has the added advantage of providing protection against roundworms including lungworm.
Depending on the needs of the client and pet, we have a range of other products that we recommend including: tablets that control and kill fleas, an injection for your cat that provides 6 months protection, and sprays for your pet, for your carpets, and for your floorboards.To achieve optimal flea control, preventative treatment should be provided throughout the year. If you are unfortunate to get a flea infestation on your pet and in your home, we are always available to give thorough advice on how to eliminate the problem effectively and safely.